Immigration

What is Immigration?
Immigration can be termed as a given movement of people between different countries. This movement has been an existing movement throughout history at a range of different levels. Modern immigration normally involves long term and permanent residence. Throughout history getting a citizenship to another country has become harder cause people to have to wait years to obtain a permanent residence.

What is an immigrant?
An immigrant is a person who has a citizenship in one country but enters a different country to set up a permanent residence. Entering into another country doesn’t make a person an immigrant. In order to become a legal immigrant in a country you need to have a citizenship in that country.  They wait to be cleared by receiving a proper visa and clearance to enter the new country. An illegal or undocumented immigrant is a person that enters a new country without waiting to receive proper visa or citizenship. They usually have no intention to set up permanent residency and try to slip through the loop holes to get in the new country. Illegal immigrants pose a huge problem to the U.S. Government.

How does Immigration affect the U.S.?
Throughout history America has had acceptance and tolerance toward people who chose to immigrate to the U.S. The United States was known as “the land of opportunities.” America gave people the chance to work and succeed. Gaining citizenship in America has evolved over time into a process that is long and tedious, therefore it has caused more illegal immigrates to try and sneak into the United States.

Immigration is looked down upon by many Americans because illegal immigrants threaten their jobs and security. Most illegal immigrants often speak broken English, or no English at all. They bring a new culture into the U.S., and they tend to be drawn to people who are similar to them. This creates clusters of immigrants that add to the ghettoization of cities. High unemployment rates exist among these communities and many have high criminal rates as well. On the positive side however, immigrants who have obtained legal citizenship and pays taxes have provided America with some advantages. A lot of immigrants are willing to do work that many Americans are unwilling do. America benefits from goods and services that the immigrant’s inexpensive labor allows.

How many immigrates have entered into the U.S?
Over the past decade over 1 million legal immigrants per year have entered into the United States. Illegal immigrates have averaged 850,000 per year. In 2007 during the recession it fell to 300,000. It was reported 60 percent came from Mexico, 20 percent from the other parts of Latin American, 11 percent from Asia and 8 percent from Africa, Europe, Canada and elsewhere. New figures came amid heated national debate over efforts by Arizona and jurisdictions to identify people who are in America illegally and push to have them deported. Last year over 396,906 illegal immigrants were deported out of the United States. After this deportation Obama passed a law called the DREAM ACT, which allowed children of illegal immigrant to continue living and working in the country.  However, many illegal immigrants falsely claim they came here as children and the federal government has no way to check whether their claims are true.

U.S. Immigration Debate
The debates surrounding U.S. immigration policies have existed for decades and have proven to be extremely controversial among politicians. The U.S. government has a desire to maintain positive international ties, however it has been difficult to balance this goal with the need to reduce illegal immigration and protect U.S. borders.

The main debate today focuses on how to simplify the complex visa application process while attending to the millions of illegal immigrants that are currently in the United States.

Many people believe that in order to solve illegal immigration issues, we must make the legal immigration process more efficient. However others believe that the main focus should be on the illegal immigrants who are already in the country.

Some people believe that undocumented workers take jobs that would be beneficial to American workers, while others believe that this is a positive thing. They feel that immigrants merely do the “dirty work” and “manual labor” that most Americans would refuse to do.

There is also the question whether illegal immigrants suppress the U.S. economy or not. Factcheck.org says that the IRS pays billion of dollars in tax refunds to workers who are in the U.S. illegally. It remains a debatable issue however because some believe that immigrants are still a net benefit on the economy.

There is a debate about state-level immigration policies verses federal immigration policies. Many states, such as Arizona, believe that they have the right to create their own extremely restrictive laws regarding immigration. Many disagree with this, including the Supreme Court, as is seen in the SB 1070 controversy.

Many people believe that the U.S. government is not doing enough to curb illegal immigration. According to a January 2012 Gallup poll, nearly two-thirds of Americans are not satisfied with the current level of immigration; almost half of them believe it should be reduced.

There is also an ongoing debate over what is the most effective way to curb immigration. Some feel that the best method is an enforcement-based approach with harsh penalties for undocumented immigrants. Others believe that this approach creates fear and animosity in other countries and that a more forgiving method should be used.

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