#1 Cartoons

IMMIGRATION & UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS
Cartoon Analysis Worksheet: Include with each cartoon.
Team Member Name:  Sarah Menlove, Jessica Hoskin, Paul Christiansen
Publication El Universal                           Date: 6/3/2010
Cartoonist: Angel Boligan             International(Mexico City)
Title of the cartoon: Arizona Immigration Law                   Cartoon# 79197

What action is taking place in the cartoon? What is the context?
This cartoon was published in Mexico City, Mexico. It depicts the U.S. symbol of Uncle Sam as an Arizona sheriff. In the classic “I want you” gesture of pointing at the viewer, this Uncle Sam has an index finger that is actually a smoking gun. This appears as a warning to immigrants that the U.S. does not want them in the country.

Tone of the cartoon:
1) positive or negative framing of undocumented immigrants 
2) positive or negative framing of immigration policies

The tone illustrates that the U.S. has no desire for immigrants to be in the country. Uncle Sam is depicted as a hard-nosed character, scowling at an enemy. He is trying to intimidate them away. The smoking gun shows that he is not simply bluffing but will take dangerous action if necessary.

What “reality” is constructed/framed about immigration/immigrants?
The “reality” of this cartoon shows that immigration could be dangerous for either documented or undocumented people trying to enter the U.S.

IMMIGRATION & UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS
Cartoon Analysis Worksheet: Include with each cartoon.
Team Member Name: Sarah Menlove, Jessica Hoskin, Paul Christiansen
Publication: Daryl Cagle          Date: 4/25/2012
Cartoonist: Daryl Cagle           U.S.
Title of the cartoon: Arizona Illegal Immigration Pinata Color
Cartoon# 77805

What action is taking place in the cartoon? What is the context?
This cartoon is of a white American from Arizona holding a club after knocking a Mexican piñata to the ground. The American is depicted as a troll-like character in a worker’s outfit. This shows that American workers are replacing the immigrants as they are deported from the country.

Tone of the cartoon:
1) negative framing of undocumented immigrants
This cartoon depicts undocumented immigrants in a negative light. The Mexican immigrant piñata is smashed on the ground, which represents the stereotype that immigrants are below the average American’s level.
2) negative framing of immigration policies
This cartoon suggests that immigration policies, particularly Arizona’s policies, are a negative thing. If immigrants are deported they will not be doing the low pay and labor-intensive work and Americans will have to take their place in these underpaid jobs.

What “reality” is constructed/framed about immigration/immigrants?
This frames the reality that as immigrants are being removed from the United States, Americans will have to take their place in the work field, doing the “cheap labor” that the immigrants did.

However, there is a debate about this issue. Some people believe that by deporting illegal immigrants, it would open up thousands of job opportunities for jobless Americans. This is a good argument, and creates an interesting debate topic.

Overall, this article prompts the viewer to think about the consequences, both positive and negative, of deporting illegal immigrants.

IMMIGRATION & UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS 
Cartoon Analysis Worksheet: Include with each cartoon.
Team Member Name: Sarah Menlove, Jessica Hoskin, Paul Christiansen
Publication: El Universal, Mexico City Date: 10/17/2008
Cartoonist: Angel Boligan             International
Title of the cartoon: Sneaking Into Mexico to Find Work 
Cartoon# 56669

What action is taking place in the cartoon? What is the context?
This cartoon depicts Americans leaving the United States to go to Mexico in order to find work. At the same time, Mexicans are crossing the borders into the U.S. in order to find work. In April 2012, the Weekly World News reported on the hundreds of thousands of Americans crossing the U.S./Mexico border to find work. (http://weeklyworldnews.com/headlines/38036/americans-head-to-mexico-for-jobs/)

Tone of the cartoon:
1) positive framing of undocumented immigrants
This cartoon shows a positive framing of undocumented immigrants because it is promoting immigration and immigrants.
2) negative framing of immigration policies
This cartoon suggests a negative tone toward U.S. immigration policies. In this cartoons Americans are acting against their own policies. Mexican immigrants are expected to comply with U.S. policies, however Americans are hypocritically doing the exact same thing they have warned Mexican immigrants not to do.

What “reality” is constructed/framed about immigration/immigrants?
This picture is extremely ironic. It frames the reality that Americans are looking for cheap labor just like Mexican immigrants are, and that they may have to leave the country illegally to find work. This cartoon suggests that Mexico is a better place to find jobs right now, which may direct American’s to believe immigrating to Mexico will solve their financial struggles.

IMMIGRATION & UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS
Cartoon Analysis Worksheet: Include with each cartoon.
Team Member Name: Sarah Menlove, Jessica Hoskin, Paul Christiansen
Publication: The Hill                         Date: 6/26/2012
Cartoonist: Christopher Weyant       U.S.
Title of the cartoon: To Suspect Serve                Cartoon# 114121

What action is taking place in the cartoon? What is the context?
In this cartoon an Arizona policeman is shown arresting a man he suspects as being an illegal immigrant. This is just after the Supreme Court has upheld the Arizona immigration policies. The policeman seems to be racial profiling the arrested man, telling him that anything he says that isn’t in English may be held against him.

Tone of the cartoon:
1) positive framing of undocumented immigrants
2) negative framing of immigration policies

What “reality” is constructed/framed about immigration/immigrants?
The “reality” constructed by this cartoon shows how Arizona law on immigration was upheld by the Supreme Court, regardless of its illegal and racist means.

At the time, Arizona was under the media’s eye. Arizona police had been found to wrongfully profile anyone they saw as being of Mexican descent. They used profiling, questioning those that looked different skin colors, asking them to see their papers and prove that they were legally in the U.S.

IMMIGRATION & UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS
Cartoon Analysis Worksheet: Include with each cartoon.
Team Member Name: Sarah Menlove, Jessica Hoskin, Paul Christiansen
Publication: The Khaleej Times Date: 7/17/2011
Cartoonist: Paresh Nath          International: United Arab Emirates
Title of the cartoon: Tough Immigration Law Cartoon# 95565

What action is taking place in the cartoon? What is the context?
In this cartoon an illegal Mexican immigrant can be seen sneaking into the U.S. between the stripes of the flag. He is following the footsteps of others who have already done this.

 Tone of the cartoon:
1) negative framing of undocumented immigrants
2) negative framing of immigration policies

What “reality” is constructed/framed about immigration/immigrants?
The “reality”constructed by this cartoon shows that illegal immigrants were not deterred by new U.S. immigration laws in July 2011. It illustrates that the U.S. isn’t as concerned as it lets on, applying new immigration laws but letting immigrants sneak between the bars(or stripes in this case) without much protection there.

IMMIGRATION & UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS
Cartoon Analysis Worksheet: Include with each cartoon.
Team Member Name: Sarah Menlove, Jessica Hoskin, Paul Christiansen
Publication: The Arizona Star                       Date: 12/16/2010
Cartoonist: David Fitzimmons       U.S.
Title of the cartoon: Immigrant Anchor Baby               Cartoon# 87044

What action is taking place in the cartoon? What is the context?
In this cartoon the Christian ideological figures of Mary and Joseph are seen crossing the deserts of Arizona, trying to find sanctuary for Mary to give birth to Jesus Christ, savior of the Christians. They are being chased away from Arizona by a man telling them they aren’t welcome because they don’t look like they are from around there. He also asks them if Mary is going to give birth to an “anchor baby” so the couple can stay in the country.

 Tone of the cartoon:
1) positive framing of undocumented immigrants
2) negative framing of immigration policies

What “reality” is constructed/framed about immigration/immigrants?
The “reality” constructed by this cartoon shows that Arizona was rallying behind the supposed “anchor baby” movement. This movement was to make sure that any illegal immigrants were chased out of the country before they could have a child born on U.S. soil that would be a U.S. citizen and thus keep them in the country illegally.

The man chasing away the couple of the pregnant Mary and her husband Joseph(this was published close to Christmas, after all) looks very much like Sheriff Joe Arpaio, advocate for Arizona immigration reform. It is not clearly stated whether or not the man is indeed Arpaio.

This reflects on the Arizona way, chasing anyone that looks foreign, whether by language, skin color or mannerisms, out of the country. This was considered by many in the media and the U.S. as racial profiling.

IMMIGRATION & UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS
Cartoon Analysis Worksheet: Include with each cartoon.
Team Member Name: Sarah Menlove, Jessica Hoskin, Paul Christiansen
Publication: The Columbus Dispatch                     Date: 7/7/2010
Cartoonist: Nate Beeler       U.S.
Title of the cartoon: Immigration Enforcement               Cartoon# 80433

What action is taking place in the cartoon? What is the context?
In this cartoon depicts two Federal Immigration and Customs Enforcement officers apprehending an Arizona policeman for illegally trying to “sneak” into their territory and start taking their jobs away. This is ironic because those are the grounds on which Arizona legislature had been trying to arrest illegal immigrants.

Tone of the cartoon:
1) (Neither) positive or negative framing of undocumented immigrants
2) negative framing of immigration policies

What “reality” is constructed/framed about immigration/immigrants?
The “reality” constructed by this cartoon illustrates that Arizona police had been illegally acting as the Federal Immigration and Customs Enforcement, trying to deport illegal immigrants. At the time the debate of whether or not Arizona law was actually doing anything illegal was in full swing, but most erred in favor of Arizona breaking the law by acting with the power that only the Federal officers had.

IMMIGRATION & UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS
Cartoon Analysis Worksheet: Include with each cartoon.
Team Member Name: Sarah Menlove, Jessica Hoskin, Paul Christiansen
Publication: The Hill                         Date: 4/30/2012
Cartoonist: Christopher Weyant       U.S.
Title of the cartoon: GOP Voter Deportation              Cartoon# 110825

What action is taking place in the cartoon? What is the context?
This cartoon shows an Arizona officer talking to another Arizona officer(who is an elephant), telling him that it appears that they shall be deporting the man that they have arrested(who is wearing a shirt that says “Latino Vote).

This cartoon was published in regards to Arizona Republicans(symbolized by the elephant officer) were upholding any deportation laws in Arizona in hopes that they could strike a blow at democrats by alienating the Latino vote and eliminating it.

 Tone of the cartoon:
 1) positive framing of undocumented immigrants
 2) negative framing of immigration policies

What “reality” is constructed/framed about immigration/immigrants?
 The “reality” constructed by this cartoon tries to convey that the reason for such a high amount of support for immigration enforcement by the GOP representatives of Arizona was to make sure that the Latino vote, which is highly directed in favor of democratic principles, wouldn’t be an issue come election time, on a local and national level.

IMMIGRATION & UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS
Cartoon Analysis Worksheet: Include with each cartoon.
Team Member Name: Sarah Menlove, Jessica Hoskin, Paul Christiansen
Publication: Florida Today                      Date: 1/14/2011
Cartoonist: Jeff Parker            U.S.
Title of the cartoon: LOCAL FL All Hat             Cartoon# 88087

What action is taking place in the cartoon? What is the context?
This cartoon shows a representative, labeled as Florida, trying on an oversized cowboy hat, labeled as Arizona-Style Immigration Law, and asking a friend what they think of it. The friend, begrudged with his hands in his pockets, tells the Floridian that he doesn’t think it’s a good fit for him.

Although controversial, the Arizona immigration laws were liked by some, including representatives from Florida. In early 2011, Florida lawmakers were thinking of adopting the laws. They met with both support and disfavor by the public. Some believed that it would be a good addition to help keep Florida from being overrun by illegal immigrants, yet others believed that it was a terrible idea and an attack on the Latino community, a central part to Florida.

Although illegal immigrants were a problem in Florida at the time, the majority of the large Latino population was there legally. Enforcement of such laws, which would ask for each Latino citizen to provide proper documentation, would cause a rift to split in Florida.

Tone of the cartoon:
1) negative framing of undocumented immigrants
2) negative framing of immigration policies

What “reality” is constructed/framed about immigration/immigrants?
The “reality” constructed by this cartoon shows that the majority of Florida citizens were not in favor of the adoption of the harsh Arizona immigration laws, showing that it wouldn’t be a “good fit” for that state as the two are so different based on the percentage of their communities of Latino citizens that are legal versus the percentage of illegal immigrants.

IMMIGRATION & UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS
 Cartoon Analysis Worksheet: Include with each cartoon.
Team Member Name: Sarah Menlove, Jessica Hoskin, Paul Christiansen
Publication: The New York Observer                           Date: 6/26/2012
Cartoonist: RJ Matson                                U.S.
Title of the cartoon: Arizona y la Politica de                  Cartoon#: 114115

What action is taking place in the cartoon? What is the context?
In this cartoon, the U.S. Symbol of Lady Liberty is kicking a similar symbol off of its pedestal. This symbol represents Jan Brewer, Governor of Arizona. Whereas Lady Liberty holds a torch in her right hand that is seen as a beacon to any that have lost their way, Brewer is holding a billy club, showing her hard-nosed, no tolerance for illegal immigrants.

Tone of the cartoon:
1) (Neither) positive or negative framing of undocumented immigrants
This cartoon doesn’t talk about whether the artist approves or disapproves of immigrants. It merely shows that Jan Brewer and the Arizona law is being struck down by a higher power, the federal laws of the United States (the Supreme Court was ruling on whether or not to uphold all or part of the Arizona immigration.).
2) negative framing of immigration policies
There is a negative tone formed around immigration policies in this cartoon. Here, the artist illustrates that Arizona will be struck down if the Supreme Court(representatives of the higher U.S. power) find any or all of the laws as unconstitutional and illegal.

What “reality” is constructed/framed about immigration/immigrants?
The “reality” conveyed by the artist here is that Immigration is clearly a problem, but it should be a problem to be dealt with on a federal and national level rather than a state level. With the Supreme Court ruling on the laws, Arizona would be reprimanded.

Immigration & Undocumented Workers 
Cartoon Analysis Worksheet: Include with each cartoon.
Team Member Name: Sarah Menlove, Jessica Hoskin, Paul Christiansen
Publication:  Cagle Cartoons                            Date: 12/10/2010
Cartoonist:  Mike Keefe                                        U.S.
Title of the cartoon: Dream Act COLOR                     Cartoon#: 86802

What action is taking place in the cartoon? What is the context?
This cartoon depicts a Latino man carrying his son on his back and stepping out of a river onto land. He appears to be entering the U.S. illegally, but he tells his son to work hard and serve this country so he can become a citizen and live a better life. On the other side, a large elephant is shown getting ready to step on and crush this father and son, telling them to “Dream on.”

This cartoon reflects the GOP’s opposition(represented by the elephant) to the DREAM Act, which would have granted permanent residency to undocumented immigrants of good moral character. It required that the immigrant enter the U.S. as a minor, live there for five consecutive years and graduate from a U.S. high school. This was heavily disputed by the GOP.

Tone of the cartoon:
1) positive framing of undocumented immigrants
This cartoon frames immigrants, especially those that entered the U.S. as minors, as innocents searching for a better life that could be granted legally through the DREAM Act.
2) negative framing of immigration policies
There is a negative tone for immigration policies illustrated by this cartoon. Mainly it focuses on the Conservative GOP representatives being against any illegal immigrants, no matter the circumstances that brought them to this country.

What “reality” is constructed/framed about immigration/immigrants?
The “reality” constructed here is showing that the GOP is against illegal immigrants and would want them dealt with and sent back to their homelands.

 IMMIGRATION & UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS 
 Cartoon Analysis Worksheet: Include with each cartoon.
Team Member Name: Sarah Menlove, Jessica Hoskin, Paul Christiansen
Publication:  Diario La Crisis                            Date: 9/30/2010
Cartoonist:  Dario Castillejos                                        International: Mexico
Title of the cartoon: Migration Policy                     Cartoon#: 83877

What action is taking place in the cartoon? What is the context?
In this cartoon, a large, portly man, shown as being from the U.S. by his Uncle Same-esque top hat, is show kicking a Mexican worker. The Mexican is polishing the U.S. man’s shoes, but this doesn’t seem to matter. The man is fine with letting the worker do the “dirty work”, but the moment that he is done he will receive a swift kick.

At the time, the DREAM Act was being debated fiercely from all sides of the U.S. political spectrum. The overall consensus was resounding opposition to any illegal immigrants who could possible steal U.S. jobs, even jobs no Americans wanted(like shoe shining).

Tone of the cartoon:
1) positive framing of undocumented immigrants
This cartoon illustrates that immigrants are willing to do the jobs that Americans don’t want to do. The immigrants simply want a chance for a better life.
2) negative framing of immigration policies
The U.S. is represented here by a large man, framed as a giant force, who will let the immigrants do the work no one else will. Then he kicks them while they aren’t looking.

What “reality” is constructed/framed about immigration/immigrants?
The “reality” illustrated here shows that the U.S., a giant force, will use anyone when it is convenient for them but will kick them away the moment that they are finished using them for any worth.

 

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